It is unprecedented
in human history that mankind has accumulated such a military power to
destroy, at once, all centres of civilization in the world and to affect
some vital properties of the planet.
The danger of a nuclear holocaust is not the unavoidable
consequence of the great development of pure Science.
In fact, Science is the study of the Fundamental Laws of Nature.
Technology is the study of how the power of mankind can be increased.
Technology can be for peace and for war. The choice between peace and
war is not a scientific choice. It is a cultural one: the culture of
love produces peaceful technology. The culture of hatred
produces instruments of war. Love and hatred have existed forever. In
the bronze and iron ages, notoriously pre-scientific, mankind invented
and built tools for peace and instruments of war. In the so called
"modern era" it is imperative that culture of love wins.
An enormous number of scientists share their time between pure Science
research and military applications. This is a fundamental source for the
It is necessary that a new trend develops, inside the scientific
community and on an international basis.
It is of vital importance to identify the basic factors needed to start
an effective process to protect human life and culture from a third and
unprecedented catastrophic war. To accomplish this it is necessary to
change the peace movement from a unilateral action to a truly
international one involving proposals based on mutual and true
Here are our
Scientists who wish to devote all of their time, fully, to study
theoretically or experimentally the basic laws of Nature, should in
no case suffer for this free choice, to do only pure Science.
Governments should make every effort to reduce or eliminate
restrictions on the free flow of information, ideas and people. Such
restrictions add to suspicion and animosity in the world.
Governments should make every effort to reduce secrecy in the
technology of defense. The practice of secrecy generates hatred and
distrust. To start a ban for military secrecy will create greater
stability than offered by deterrence alone.
Governments should continue their action to prevent the acquisition
of nuclear weapons by additional nations or non-national groups.
Governments should make every effort to reduce their nuclear weapons
Governments should make every effort to reduce the causes of
insecurity of non-nuclear powers.
All Governments should make every effort to ban all
types of nuclear tests in war technology.
Those scientists - in the East and in the West - who
agree with this "Erice Statement", engage morally themselves to do
everything possible in order to make the new trend, outlined
in the present document, to become effective all the world over and
as soon as possible.
Statement was written in ERICE, August 1982, by Paul A.M. DIRAC,
Piotr KAPITZA and Antonino ZICHICHI. During the course of the three
years (1982 - 1985) it has been signed by TEN THOUSAND scientists,
the world over.
Statement" has attracted the attention of World Leaders such as Deng
Xiao Ping (China), Mikhail Gorbachev (USSR), Olaf Palme (Sweden),
Sandro Pertini (Italy), Ronald Reagan (USA), Pierre Trudeau (Canada)
and stimulated various actions on their part for a Science without
Secrecy nor Borders.